Liberal Ideas

Liberalism a fundamental belief

Olaf KellerhoffOlaf Kellerhoff

Liberalism is the fundamental belief in a political ideal where individuals are free to pursue their own goals in their own ways provided they do not infringe on the equal liberty of others.

Basic principles of liberalism and liberal democracy are Human rights, Equality, Rule of Law, Individual freedom, Private property, Economic Freedom and Liberal Democracy.


Secularism: Time to Rethink and Re-evaluate the Concept the Concept

Dr. Huma Baqai

Dr Huma BaqaiPrior to 1980 there was a tendency to downplay the force of religion in politics. It proved counter-productive especially because the sweeping political changes of 1980, witnesses most states of the world succumbing to calls of so far submerged identities. This consciousness is present in New Europe, Central Asian States the Middle East, Southeast Asia and now even on the continents of America and Australia. This also impacted South Asia with a new vigor, a greater upsurge of regional religions was seen. The number of religious organizations had increased, religious practices have become more pronounced, extremism and intolerance are on the rise and the use of religious card for political game a pronounced South Asian reality. The alternatives to state whether political, social or legal have religious undertones. The spread and growth of these alternatives is a source of conflict both at the state level and societal level.


Globalization - Can Pakistan be a winner?

Aniq ZafarAniq Zafar

Globalization has been increasingly under question after the recession of economy that hit the world in the year 2008 and is predicted to continue in the year 2009.  For most the term globalization only evokes economics and hence many apprehend that the current economic recession may force the states to look more inwardly and these will turn more protectionists and financial and capital markets will not be able to function as freely as they have in the last few decades. Others still argue that the world is so intertwined now that it may not be feasible for any state to look inward only and hope to get out of the economic recession. There are others who see globalization in a much wider context and believe that other aspects of globalisation like Information highways (internet), cultural influences and migrations will continue to play their role in making the world a global village.


Private Property Rights: Reflections on Pakistan

Ali SalmanAli Salman

The most important deficit which Pakistan faces today is neither budget nor trade deficit, it is the institutional deficit. Testimony is provided by various indices measuring institutional environments. The International Property Rights Index (IPRI) places Pakistan at 95
th position in 115 countries while India is ranked 37th in 2008 edition. Considering that India and Pakistan are comparable countries by virtue of human development and per capita income,  the stark gap between the two countries on property rights indicate the institutional deficit of Pakistan, which is likely to further retard chances of both economic and social development. Pakistan’s relative position on another pro-institutional index, Economic Freedom of the World Index, also confirms the hypothesis of institutional deficit.


Free Press in Pakistan - From it’s beginning to now

Saghir NaqashSaghir Ahmed Naqash

In a developing country like Pakistan access to credible information has been a burning issue throughout its turbulent times of successive political eras. Years after years, since its inception concerted and conscious efforts were made at the state level to put general masses in utter oblivion about what was happening in the corridors of power. Though times with regard to media emancipation have changed in Pakistan now but the pattern of classifying information by the state still lurks in the present day of media hype and extolled view about the state of free press and free flow of information in Pakistan. Is it still an issue or the days of totalitarian control over information are over, needs to be gauged day after day while keeping an eye on its uninterrupted transparent flow to masses and its feedback?